The Holocaust Museum,   Yad Vashem

What is Yad Vashem?

"ונתתי להם בביתי ובחומתי יד ושם טוב מבנים ומבנות שם עולם אתן לו אשר לא יכרת"

 "Thus says the Lord: ‘Keep justice, and do righteousness, For My salvation is about to come, And My righteousness to be revealed. 


Blessed is the man who does this, And the son of man who lays hold on it; Who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, And keeps his hand from doing any evil.’


Do not let the son of the foreigner Who has joined himself to the Lord Speak, saying, ‘The Lord has utterly separated me from His people’; Nor let the eunuch say, ‘Here I am, a dry tree." 


For thus says the Lord: ‘To the eunuchs who keep My Sabbaths and choose what pleases Me and hold fast My covenant, even to them I will give in My house and within My walls a place and a name (Yad Va shem) better than that of sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name that shall not be cut off.


Also the sons of the foreigner Who join themselves to the Lord, to serve Him, And to love the name of the Lord, to be His servants; Everyone who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, And holds fast My covenant; Even them I will bring to My holy mountain, And make them joyful in My house of prayer.


Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices Will be accepted on My altar; For My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations’" (Isaiah 56:1-7).

The Establishment of the National Memorial Yad Vashem

One of the first pioneers of the project of the establishment of the national memorial of Holocaust was Mordekhai Shenhavy, the prominent member of Kibbutz Mishmar A-Emek.


He proposed to name it after the words of the Prophet Isaiah, Yad Va Shem which means Name and Memory. Perhaps he meant both the victims and the non-Jews who risking their lives while trying to save the Jewish people.


Later, in 1953, Education minister and historian Professor Ben Tzion Dinoor proposed to issue a law for the establishment of the memorial and the museum. The law was accepted and fulfilled the promise to millions who perished in the Holocaust that their names and stories will never be forgotten. 

The Museum

The National Holocaust Memorial established in 1953. The memorial commemorates over 6 million Jews in Europe, Africa and the Middle East as well as other groups of people exterminated by the Nazi regime during World War II.  


The current museum opened in 2005, designed by Jewish-Canadian architect Moshe Safdie.

(to be continued...)