"And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, that is, Jebus, where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, "You will not come in here." Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David" (1 Chronicles 11:4-5).
Since the dawn of Christianity, the location of Mount Zion was believed to be the western hill of Jerusalem. During the Byzantine period (4th to 7th centuries AD), churches were built on the hill. One was built by Emperor Constantine and named Hagia Sion (Holy Zion). Today, this magnificent church is regarded as one of the oldest and most historically significant churches in Jerusalem.
During this time period, the location of King David's Tomb was identified.The large sarcophagus was revered as the tomb of the king who made Jerusalem a capital and spiritual center for the tribes of Israel. The Holy Scripture says the king was buried in his city. It happened around 1000 BC.
"Then David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David"
(1 Kings 2:10).
Excavations in the 19th century discovered the burial site remains which later (20th century) were proved to be a structure typical of the of early Roman period (1st to 4th century).
The building was remodelled during the Crusader period, then the new Ottoman Turkish authorities (16th century AD) converted to a mosque named after David (El Masjid Nabi Daoud). After the state of Israel the site was established, the site was opened for the adherents of all religions but is kept as a synagogue.
On top of the sarcophagus there are seen the inscriptions, 'King David' and 'King David is alive and truly exists' based on the words from the Book of Psalms,
"You will not allow your holy one to see decay" (16:10).
In the synagogue of King David's tomb
In October 2008, the Municipality of Jerusalem received the gift of a statue of King David playing the harp by Alexander Demin. It was donated by the Russian Christian Orthodox Fund of Nikolai, the Miracle Worker.
While the gesture was widely appreciated, some of the religious Jewish community was offended by the presence of the statue next to the holy site of King David's Tomb because it seems to contradict the commandment "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image".
In 2018, the statue was dismantled and to another area of Mount Zion.