The record of the famous Jesus' sermon that some call the Constitution of Christianity, yet some a New Law is in two Gospels, Luke 6 and Matthew 5. It is important to notice Matthew tells that Jesus begins the sermon with the words:
"Do not think I have come to abolish the Law and the Prophets, I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them". (Mt.5:17)
And the teaching that follows this statement is better understood as the interpretation or insrtuction of how to fulfill "the Law and the prophets". Some see in repetition of Jesus' words "blessed are those" are more exactly as "happy are those". Then this is His formula of happiness and fullness in life. 8 times He pronounces these words according to Matthew's record.
There is a slight topographical discrepancy in description of the location of the sermon in Matthew and Luke's descriptions.
"And He went up on the hill and after taking seat His disciples came by to Him." (Mt.5:1)
"Then he came down with them and stood on a level place. And a large number of his disciples had gathered along with a vast multitude from all over Judea, from Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon." (Lk. 6:
The discrepancy can be settled when one sees the traditional place on the Mt. of Beatitudes. On top of this hill there is a wide plateau.
Prof. Bargil Pixner says:
"Matthew refers to Capernaum, Chorasin and Bethsaida as the cities "in which most of His miracles had been performed." (Mt.11:20)
to be continued...